Fundamental Rights (According to Indian Constitution): Chapter 3 of the Constitution is called the Charter of India, is called Magna Karta, which mentions the basic rights of the citizens so that the intellectual, moral and spiritual development of the citizens can be done smoothly. The main objective of incorporating provisions relating to Fundamental Rights in the Constitution is to establish a law governed by government and not a government governed by man “A Government of Law and Not of Man.”
Since the fundamental rights are conferred by the Constitution, these changes or amendments are also done by the constitution itself, as well as these rights can’t be misused, at the same time peace can be maintained in the society and a one human being respect others Rights. The state is also empowered by the Constitution, in which, along with curbing the rights of citizens, a public welfare state can be established because unlimited rights of citizens will lead to chaos and disorder in the society.
By Amendment 44 of the Constitution of India, the right to property of citizens was changed from the fundamental right to a general legal right, so at present, Indian citizens have been given only 6 fundamental rights instead of 7.
1. Right to Equality: In which there is a right of first equality, which is provided in Articles 14 to 18 of the Constitution, stipulated in Article 14 that the State cannot be deprived of equal protection before the law, that is, every person is equal in the eyes of law and Equal pay for the same work and equal penalty for the same offense will be payable.According to Article 15, no person can be discriminated against on the basis of his religion, race, caste, sex and place of birth and it is a punishable offense if discrimination against anyone by a person or a state officer. According to Article 16, there will be equality of opportunity for all citizens for appointment to a post under the state, that is, if a citizen possesses the necessary qualifications for a government job, then he will be eligible to apply for that job, he will be of any caste, gender or religion. Under Article 17, untouchability has to be abolished because in Indian society this practice is like a stigma that can only be uplifted after abolition. Article (18) forbids the conferment of any kind of title to any person, that is, ending the feudalistic tradition enforced by the British rule, while permitting the granting of services or educational titles not any foreigner, in which the right to freedom of speech and freedom of speech, the right to freedom of peaceful and peaceful union, the right to freedom of association, the right to freedom to reside anywhere in the border of India, any instinct , The right to freedom of occupation, trade or business is the main one.
2. Right to Freedom
3. Right against Exploitation
4. Right to Freedom of Religion
5. Cultural and Educational Rights
6. Right to Constitutional Remedies